1957 CBS-TV Special ''The Edsel Show'' with Guests (1957)

 A 1957 CBS Television Network special called "The Edsel Show". With special guests Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Louis Armstrong, and Rosemary Clooney. This is a good quality kinescope of the original broadcast. Lots of musical performances. Also features original commercials.

Teacher, scholar, activist W.E.B. DuBois, who was born and grew up in Great Barrington, Massachusetts in 1868, would become arguably the most important black intellectual of the 20th Century.   Educated in the public schools of Great Barrington, DuBois received a B.A. from Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee and at the age of 31 became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. at Harvard University.  His doctoral thesis, "The Suppression of the African Slave Trade in America," became the first book published by Harvard University Press.  

DuBois was an extremely complex and controversial man who lacked the public appeal of his contemporaries such as Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, and Paul Robeson.  He remained scathingly critical of white racism his entire life and unlike Washington he was unwilling to seek compromise in the quest for civil rights and racial justice.  

DuBois was the first scholar to systematically study African American urban life.  His first post-dissertation book, The Philadelphia Negro which was released in 1899, determined that housing and employment discrimination were the principal barriers to racial equality and black prosperity in the urban North.  His work and conclusions anticipated nearly a century of urban history scholarship that built upon his early research and findings.  

DuBois wrote numerous other books and articles, including Black Reconstruction in 1935.  Largely discounted by scholars at the time, the book eventually became the basis for a dramatic reappraisal of the Reconstruction era by scholars in the 1960s and 1970s.  His conclusions regarding the actual progress made by African Americans during the decade of Reconstruction have now been affirmed by almost all mainstream historians.

DuBois was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1908 and was the editor of its magazine, The Crisis, until 1934. He became increasingly bitter about the depth of white racism and disillusioned over the compromising approach of black leaders, including especially his colleagues in the NAACP. He was also, many would say arrogantly, outspoken about his views. Together with his polished, sophisticated and articulate style, DuBois’s uncompromising speeches and editorials made him unpopular with many blacks and whites.  

By the early 1950s, at the height of the Cold War, DuBois became increasingly devoted to the goal of peace between the United States and the Soviet Union.  He advocated this controversial position at great personal and professional cost.  Hounded by the State Department and criticized by many former allies and associates in the Civil Rights struggle, DuBois became a Communist in his 80s, believing it offered the only hope for working class people around the world.  

As early as 1900, DuBois advocated Pan-Africanism--the idea that persons of African descent throughout the world should assist in the liberation and development of the African continent.  By 1961 he decided to leave the United States permanently for Ghana to pursue that goal.  DuBois died in Accra, Ghana on August 28, 1963, the day of the March on Washington, the largest civil rights demonstration in U.S. history. 

Sources:
Ralph McGill, “W.E.B. Du Bois,” The Atlantic Monthly, November 1965, Volume 216, No. 5, pages 78-81; Kwame A. Appiah and Henry Louis Gates, eds., Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African & African American Experience (New York: Basic Civitas Books, 1999), 635-37.

Contributor(s):
University of Washington

 

Velocette 'LE' Series

In 1950, Velocette introduced the model "LE," powered by a water-cooled, 192cc side-valve flat-twin engine. The LE was designed primarily as basic, inexpensive transportation, but with the "Velocette" name.



1921 Velocette LE
1960 Veloce Velocette LE -

The LE's chassis had a pressed-steel frame designed by Phil Irving, a swingarm rear suspension, and telescopic front-forks, with a semi-step-through design and swept body-work.

The LE went on to become the company's largest selling model, which was extensively used by the British police who referred to it as the "Noddy Bike." The LE was also known as the "Whispering Willie," for its ultra-quiet motor - advertised by Velocette as the "siLEnt" LE. Unfortunately for Velocette, the LE's large R&D costs made it a financial looser for the company.